For the first time user to buy cnc router can be quite confusing especially if there is no background knowledge about it. This type of router is one automatic machine tool type. It comes with the CNC system which is used for carving at an automatic level. It also is used for cutting, engraving, milling, grooving, and drilling on different materials be it stone, plastics, glass, wood, copper, PVC, aluminium, and MDF to name some. This router can create accurate even complex shapes and contours.
About the CNC router machine
The machine of a CNC router can earn better results through different axes such as X, Y, and Z. The X-axis is the horizontal one while the Y-axis is the vertical one. Talking about the Z-axis well it is associated with the other two axes. This axis together results in the so-called portal which is the main reason that makes CNC counters quite good with such formation of the portal. That is why it is also known as portal milling machines.
Materials that can be Cut with CNC Router:
Applications where CNC Router Machines can be Applied
There are versatility possibilities for the application of CNC router machines. This includes:
l 2D Carving
l Acrylic Fabrication
l Cabinet Making
l Door Making
l Musical Instruments
It is even possible to use the CNC router to cut out anything that is needed. This could range from cabinetry to signs as well. However, the most challenging part that comes with a CNC router is to choose the one that matches the requirements.
Know the drive system
It is important to first understand that CNC machines come with 3 types of the drive system. This includes:
- Rack and Pinion: It can work the best when there is a work-related axes which could possibly be greater than 4 feet in the whole length.
- Lead Screw: It usually has good accuracy over the rack and pinion option. But if there is a large project involved then it is not needed.
- Ball screw: As compared to others, this is the pricey option. but the good part is it is possible to cut the large material size too with much efficiency and accuracy.
Can Servo be a better option or Stepper motor system
Stepper motor comes with at least 50 to 100 magnetic poles. In the case of Servo motors, it is nearly 4 to 12 magnetic poles. If the magnetic poles are more than, it offers better precision and accuracy. That is why stepper motors in most cases are advised besides, they cost nominal as well.
When considering buying a CNC router, a cheaper bit can wear faster and must be replaced often. It is good to spend more time to prevent such time rather than looking for quick results. When looking for a good CNC router there might be ample options that may come across but if the right choice is not made then it would further be challenging in future. That is why here is some detailed information about the CNC router that can be used for making the whole process of buying a good one much easier.